Did you know that resume and cv are not synonyms but two different notions that have absolutely difficult approaches and ways of presenting them in your job application? Most of the applicants do not understand this difference. 

Frequently, they make a mistake when the requirements state that an applicant needs to attach CV. They apply their resumes and do not even understand why their applications are denied or ignored.

​The matter is they fail with the first requirement which might show that they were not attentive enough. However, it’s not about being not attentive it’s about knowing the difference between CV and resume. 

After reading this article, you will get to know the difference at last and will never make the same mistake again.

CV – what’s that? 

CV, vita or curriculum vitæ are three names of one and the same document that serves different goals. It may be used for a job application, for applying to the university, and to applying to participate in different competitions, educational events, etc. 

CV is an in-depth overview of a person’s experience, achievements, education, etc. As a rule, CV is rather long, it may take more than 2 pages. 

As CV may be used for different goals, here you may add all the information about yourself and be as detailed as you need. The information should be presented in chronological order to make it easier to read. Moreover, you need to separate all information into blocks. 

There is a standard structure of CV that you should stick to. This structure is used for CV for job application and for entrance to college.         

1. Personal information 

This block is generally placed on the right top corner of your CV. Here, you should indicate such information as your full name, address where you live, your contact email, phone number, date of birth, and in some cases your nationality and your marital status.

​It will be nice to add links to your social media profiles like LinkedIn.           

2. Position and professional field of interest 

Indicate the position you are taking now or your fields of interest. In this way, you will show what you are doing right now. If you are working on your CV for college application, tell here about your recent studies.           

3. Working experience 

List all the job positions you’ve taken. As all information should be presented in the chronological order, you need to start with the recent job and move back into history.

Along with the job positions, you are to indicate the company where you worked and when exactly you took the position there. It will be nice to add here the description of your responsibilities. In CV, you may indicate all jobs regardless how relevant they are to the position that you apply right now.           

4. Skills 

Describe here the set of skills you have and knowledge of languages. In this block, you will be able to demonstrate all your professional advantages and you will show why you are the best candidate considering the technical characteristics that you have.           

5. Education 

Tell here what college or university you graduated from, what kind of diploma you’ve got and what exactly you have studied.           

6. Hobbies and activities 

Talk here about the things that inspire you, what you do when you have free time, and what helps you stay motivated to work harder. 

Resume – what’s that? 

When it comes to writing a resume, you should remember that every single job position requires a tailored resume. Besides, resume is used for job application only, unlike the CV. 

One of the main particular features of resume is that it should never exceed one page. Here, you need to stick to the main idea: present the most relevant details in short but informative way. 

The structure of resume is almost the same as the structure of CV. Here, you should also indicate your personal details, education, working experience, and skills. However, you may omit your hobbies. 

In resume, you should be more concentrated on the information that is relevant to the job position you apply. Therefore, you should check the requirements of the position and make sure that you covered all of them in a resume. 

Do I need both of the documents? 

In most cases, to apply for a certain job position it’s enough to create a tailored resume. However, it will be nice to have also CV, in case the position requires attaching this document.

​Prepare CV in advance as this type of document should not be re-written for each application. It will be more difficult to prepare resume in advance, as it should be customized to every job position you apply. 

Do remember about proofreading and editing resume and CV. They both should be of the highest quality if you want to succeed with your application. 

As you can see, resume and CV are different in their length, layout and the purpose you use it. While CV can serve various purposes, resume always has a very limited purpose.

We can tell that resume is a quick overview of your CV. To write both of these documents, we would recommend you to start with writing CV and then move to writing resume. In this way, you will have all information and will choose what you need for your resume. 

We hope that this article was useful for you, and from now on you won’t make a mistake by sending CV instead of a resume. 

Written By
Sophia Clark graduated from the University in the City of New York with B.A. in Journalism, 2011. She is a creative writer from New York who loves to share her thoughts with readers, now she writes for Eliteessaywriters. In her free time, she enjoys writing fiction as well as reading it. Connect with her on Twitter and Google +.